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By Gresham Podiatry Center
May 04, 2016
Category: General
Tags: Athlete's Foot  

Though the name implies otherwise, anyone, both athletes and non-athletes alike, can get athlete’s foot. This condition can be frustrating and irritating, causing pain, burning and even blistering or scaling. However, preventing athlete’s foot is simple with help from your Gresham, OR podiatrist.Athletes Foot

What is athlete’s foot?
Athlete’s foot is a highly contagious fungal infection known medically as tinea pedis. The condition is common among those who are often in places similar to locker rooms, hence the name. Though it is most common on the soles of the feet and between the toes, the infection can sometimes spread to the hands, body and groin. Athlete’s foot causes the skin to become itchy, often burning and becoming painful. The infection may also become weepy and ooze.

How can I prevent athlete’s foot? 
The key to preventing athlete’s foot is to avoid situations where the fungus may transfer onto your foot or from your foot to other parts of the body. Always wear some kind of protection on your feet, such as sandals, when walking in a damp place such as a locker room or public pool. Keep your feet clean and dry, allowing your shoes to air out for at least 24 hours before wearing them again. Wear moisture wicking socks and change them often. Using talcum or antifungal powder on your feet may also help prevent athlete’s foot.

How can my Gresham podiatrist help? 
If you find yourself experiencing the symptoms of athlete’s foot, contact your podiatrist as soon as possible. After an examination to determine if there are any underlying conditions or complications, your doctor can help you determine the best course of treatment for your athlete’s foot. Over-the-counter antifungal creams are often used to treat athlete’s foot. Your doctor may prescribe stronger medications for reoccurring or severe cases of athlete’s foot.

For more information on athlete’s foot and how you and your podiatrist can work together to prevent it, please contact Dr. Derek J. McCammon at Gresham Podiatry Center in Gresham, OR. Call (503) 667-6600 to speak with an associate about scheduling your regular foot examination today!

By Gresham Podiatry Center, LLC
February 29, 2016
Category: General
Tags: diabetic footcare  

To keep diabetes under control, it requires a lot of at-home maintenance. One of the easiest, but most important ways you can managediabetic foot care your diabetes is by caring for your feet. Dr. Derek McCammon of Gresham Podiatry Center in Gresham, OR has provided some information for his diabetic patients on how they can maintain their quality of life with simple foot care.

Why is foot care so important?

Diabetes diminishes the flow of blood throughout the body. Since the feet are the furthest away from the heart, they are particularly at risk for problems, since reduced blood flow makes it harder for the body to heal wounds and fight infections. To compound the problem, diabetes can also cause neuropathy, or nerve damage, so even a serious injury to the foot may not be noticed. When wounds develop on the feet or ankles of diabetes patients and go untreated, the infection that often results can mean dire consequences, including amputation of the toe, foot or leg. Your Gresham podiatrist has seen many patients deal with lifelong problems as a result of diabetic foot infections.

How can I care for my feet?

As a diabetic, the most important thing to remember about caring for your feet is to have a daily routine. Missing one day could mean missing a potentially critical injury. Your Gresham foot doctor has provided a few steps you can take each day to avoid diabetic foot infections.

  • Check your feet daily for any and all injuries. This includes blisters, scrapes, or toenail problems. Your Gresham podiatrist suggests using a magnifying mirror to make inspection of the bottom of your feet easier.
  • Clean your feet using warm - not hot - water.
  • Trim your nails straight across, but not too short to avoid injuries to the nail bed.
  • If you develop a corn or bunion, do not try to treat it at home. See your Gresham foot doctor for treatment right away.
  • Wear clean, comfortable socks at all times, even to bed.

It's also important to see your podiatrist on a regular basis for checkups. If you'd like more information on caring for your feet to avoid diabetic foot injuries, contact your Gresham, OR podiatrist, Dr. Derek McCammon, for an appointment today!

By Gresham Podiatry Center, LLC
January 15, 2016
Category: General
Tags: Foot Fracture  

I Think I’ve fractured My Foot; What Should I Do? What you can do about a foot fracture.

You just started playing a sport, but you weren’t really in shape for it. Now, your foot is beginning to swell and it really hurts! Sounds like you have a fracture. But to know for sure, it’s best to seek out an expert like your podiatrist at Gresham Podiatry Center in Gresham, OR. Foot Fracture Its skilled professionals are ready to help you heal.

What Is A Foot Fracture?

Stress fractures usually occur in the middle of the foot up to the bones of the toe and look like tiny cracks in the bone. These foot injuries result from changes in your sport or activity, or from increasing the intensity of your exercise. They can also result from just changing the surface you exercise on. If you are older, you can also get a stress fracture from weakened bones as a result of osteoporosis.

Another type of fracture is a bone fracture which occurs as a result of trauma or an accident. With this injury, your bone can be out of position or still correctly in line with other bones.

Symptoms of a fracture include:

  • Pain that gets worse when you put weight on it
  • Swelling and possibly bruising
  • Tenderness to touch
  • Pain that gets better when you rest
  • Pain that increases when you are active
How Do I Treat It?

The most important thing you can do is to rest and take the weight off of your foot. You should also wear supportive shoes, with thick soles.

In addition, at home you can try:

  • Ice packs for 20 minutes, several times per day
  • Elevating your feet when you are at rest
  • Wrapping your foot in a bandage
  • Taking anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen

Sometimes a fracture can heal on its own; however, to be safe, you should seek out the expertise of your podiatrist at Gresham Podiatry Center in Gresham, OR, if you suspect you have a foot fracture. You don’t want your pain to develop into something more serious. Your feet are important, so if you are in pain, call today!

By Dr. King
February 14, 2013
Category: Warts
Tags: warts  

Plantar Wart (Verruca Plantaris)

What is a Plantar Wart?
A wart is a small growth on the skin that develops when the skin is infected by a virus. Warts can develop anywhere on the foot, but typically they appear on the bottom (plantar side) of the foot. Plantar warts most commonly occur in children, adolescents, and the elderly.

Plantar WartThere are two types of plantar warts:

  • A solitary wart is a single wart. It often increases in size and may eventually multiply, forming additional “satellite” warts.
  • Mosaic warts are a cluster of several small warts growing closely together in one area. Mosaic warts are more difficult to treat than solitary warts.

Causes
Plantar warts are caused by direct contact with the human papilloma virus (HPV). This is the same virus that causes warts on other areas of the body.

Symptoms
The symptoms of a plantar wart may include:

  • Thickened skin. Often a plantar wart resembles a callus because of its tough, thick tissue.
  • Pain. Walking and standing may be painful. Squeezing the sides of the wart may also cause pain.
  • Tiny black dots. These often appear on the surface of the wart. The dots are actually dried blood contained in the capillaries (tiny blood vessels).

Plantar warts grow deep into the skin. Usually this growth occurs slowly, with the wart starting small and becoming larger over time.

Diagnosis and Treatment
To diagnose a plantar wart, the foot and ankle surgeon will examine the patient’s foot and look for signs and symptoms of a wart.

Although plantar warts may eventually clear up on their own, most patients desire faster relief. The goal of treatment is to completely remove the wart.

The foot and ankle surgeon may use topical or oral treatments, laser therapy, cryotherapy (freezing), acid treatments, or surgery to remove the wart.

Regardless of the treatment approaches undertaken, it is important that the patient follow the surgeon’s instructions, including all home care and medication that has been prescribed, as well as follow-up visits with the surgeon. Warts may return, requiring further treatment.

If there is no response to treatment, further diagnostic evaluation may be necessary. In such cases, the surgeon can perform a biopsy to rule out other potential causes for the growth.

Although there are many folk remedies for warts, patients should be aware that these remain unproven and may be dangerous. Patients should never try to remove warts themselves. This can do more harm than good. 

By Dr. King
February 13, 2013
Category: Shoes
Tags: shoes  

 

SHOE HISTORY

Title

THE HISTORY OF YOUR SHOES
Pharao's Sandal/Commoner's sandal

There is much evidence that a foot covering was one of the first things made by our primitive ancestors. Necessity compelled them to invent some method Krepis, soldier's shoe/Pedila of Homer's time of protecting their feet from the jagged rocks, burning sands, and rugged terrain over which they ranged in pursuit of food and shelter.
The history of human development shows that the importance of protecting the foot was early recognized. Records of the Egyptians, the Chinese and other early civilizations all contain references to shoes. The shoe is repeatedly mentioned in the Bible and the Hebrews used it in several instances with a legal significance, notably in binding a bargain.

Woman's Krepis/Officer's laced Campagus Shoes of one sort or another are rich in legend and figure conspicuously in the folklore of different races. The shoe, even up to the present time, continues to figure in those stories, which have come down to us. The stories of the wonderful Seven League Boots, Mercury's Winged Sandals, Puss in Boots, Cinderella, and others, all existed in some ancient and often nearly forgotten tongue, but are still well known to all children. The custom of throwing the shoe after the newly wedded couple is but one of the many instances in which the shoe, when used according to formula, was supposed to bring luck.

Talaria Crepida/Leather Buskin In its first form the shoe was just a simple piece of plaited grass or rawhide which was strapped to the feet. Among the relics of early Egyptians are some sandals made from plaited papyrus leaves, beautifully and artistically wrought. Records show that sandalmaking had become a well-recognized art early in the history of that country.

Babouche The sandal still is the most generally worn type of footwear in many warm countries. In form and ornamentation it reflects the environment in which it was worn, together with the artistic tastes of the peoples. In some countries the sandal continues to be the same simple kind worn since the dawn of history, while in others the multiple form of the straps and beautiful decorative work reflect the artistry, progress and prosperity of the wearers.

Lily Foot The Japanese, long a sandal wearing people indicated the social status of the wearer by making distinctive sandals for the Imperial Household, merchants and actors, in fact, for the whole range of vocations and professions.
The Greeks emphasized design and beauty, while the Romans devised a military type of sandal that enabled their legions to travel on foot throughout the then known world. In the more luxurious days of the late Empire the sandals were often beautifully wrought with ornaments of gold and precious stones.
Horseman/Geisha's Geta The moccasin is the foot protection of cold countries. The puckered seam which outlines the forepart of the moccasin is all that remains of the puckering string once gathered and tied about the ankle. This peculiar seam still appears in the footwear of people in every cold county. The moccasin of the North American Indian, the Eskimo, and the Laplander all have it.
The shoe has always had an important place in costume. Until recent years, many shoes were made to be worn only on occasions of great ceremony. Some of these were very lavish in design and ornament, lending importance and distinction to the official dress of proud wearers.
Zo-ri/Pickman's shoe Through all this development, comparatively little attention was devoted to fitting qualities or comfort. When the medieval guilds controlled craftsmanship in Europe, perfection in workmanship and extravagance in style seems to have been sought in shoes rather than foot comfort and protection.
Among the more conspicuous oddities of style in this period was the peaked shoe or Crackow, with a toe so long that it made walking difficult if not impossible and the passage of laws to prohibit its wearing was necessary before it was discontinued. It was followed by the Duckbill shoe in Elizabethan times. Laws were enacted limiting its maximum width to 51/2 inches. These footwear oddities in turn were followed by a succession of fantastic creations and shapes.
Sabbaton/Estivau As late as 1850 most shoes were made on absolutely straight lasts, there being no difference between the right and the left shoe. Breaking in a new pair of shoes was not easy. There were but two widths to a size; a basic last was used to produce what was known as a "slim" shoe. When it was necessary to make a "fat" or "stout" shoe the shoemaker placed over the cone of the last a pad of leather to create the additional foot room needed.

Up to 1850 all shoes were made with practically the same hand tools that were used in Egypt as early as the 14th century B.C. as a part of a sandal maker's equipment. To the curved awl, the chisel-like knife and the scraper, the shoemakers of the thirty-three intervening centuries had added only a few simple tools such as the pincers, the lapstone, the hammer and a variety of rubbing sticks used for finishing edges and heels.

4 models

Efforts had been made to develop machinery for shoe production. They had all failed and it remained for the shoemakers of the United States to create the first successful machinery for making shoes.
Jack Boot/Commoner's work shoe In 1845 the first machine to find a permanent place in the shoe industry came into use. It was the Rolling Machine, which replaced the lapstone and hammer previously used by hand shoemakers for pounding sole leather, a method of increasing wear by compacting the fibres.
This was followed in 1846 by Elias Howe's invention of the sewing machine. The success of this major invention seems to have set up a chain reaction of research and development that has gone on ever since. Today there are no major operations left in shoemaking that are not done better by machinery than formerly by hand.





 

Woman's patten/Commoner's work shoe In 1858, Lyman R.Blake, a shoemaker, invented a machine for sewing the soles of shoes to the uppers.His patents were purchased by Gordon McKay, who improved upon Blake's invention. The shoes made on this machine came to be called "McKays." During the Civil War, many shoemakers were called into the armies, thereby creating a serious shortage of shoes for both soldiers and civilians. The introduction of the Mckay was speeded up in an effort to relieve the shortage.
Woman's patten Even when McKay had perfected the machines, he found it very difficult to sell them. He was on the point of giving up since he had spent all the money he could spare, when he thought of a new plan. He went back to the shoemakers who had laughed at the idea of making shoes by machinery, but who needed some means of increased production. He told them that he would put the machines in their factories, if they would pay him a small part of what the machine would save on each pair.
Man's gored/Woman's silk McKay issued "Royalty Stamps", representing the payments made on the machine-made shoes. This method of introducing machines became the accepted practice in the industry. Mention is made of it because it had two important bearings on the industry. First, shoe manufacturers were able to use machinery without tying up large sums of money. This meant that, in the event a new shoe style suddenly became popular and called for major changes in shoe construction methods and production equipment, the manufacturer wasn't left with a huge investment in machinery made obsolete by these changes - nor with the prospect of further investment for new machines. Second, it developed a type of service which has proven to be of great value in the shoe and other industries.
Alpine boot/Woman's Russian Boot This unique service was used in the shoe industry long before it spread to other industries. McKay quickly found that in order to ensure payment for the use of the machines it was necessary to keep them in operation. A machine which wasn't working did not earn any money for Mckay. He therefore made parts interchangeable and organized and trained a group of experts who could be sent wherever machines needed replacement of parts or adjustment.
In 1875 a machine for making a different type of shoe was developed. Later known as the Goodyear Welt Sewing Machine, it was used for making both Welt and Turn shoes. These machines became successful under the management of Charles Goodyear, Jr., the son of the famous inventor of the process of vulcanizing rubber.
Moccasin/Pump/Dress shoe Following McKay's example, Goodyear's name became associated with the group of machinery which included the machines for sewing Welt an Turn shoes and a great many auxiliary machines which were developed for use in connection with them.
Invention as a product of continuous research has progressed at an almost incredible pace ever since. This has required great sums of money, sometimes more than a million dollars, to perfect one shoemaking machine, and tireless patience and effort. Inventors have often mechanized hand operations that seemed impossible for any machine.

Pincer/Good Year machine

We have progressed along way from the lasting pincer, a simple combination of gripper and lever. For centuries it was the hand shoemaker's only tool for shaping the shoe around the form on which it is made - aided only by his thumbs and tacks, The lasting pincer is a good tool and is still occasionally useful; with it a century ago a man with great effort might form or last a few pair in a long day. Today's automatic toe laster for Goodyear Welt shoes can last 1.200 pairs in an 8-hour day.

SOURCE: "How American Shoes are Made" with the permission of United Shoe Machinery Corporation.
 





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